Low voltage limiters P250GI, P400GI

P250GI, P400GI


indoor use

P250GI and P400GI - are new types of low voltage limiters Type 1 VLD-F based on requirements of EN 50122-1: 2011, which are designed to protect the non-live parts of metallic structures in DC or AC traction power supply systems. They are used to effectively protect persons who may come into contact with these parts during lightning strikes or in case of a defect of the tractive overhead line. The limiter has a high internal resistance if there is a voltage lower than its specified DC sparkover voltage UVDC and becomes conductive when this level is exceeded. In case of failure due to connection between live part of traction power supply system and the conductive part unintentionally connected to the return circuit, the limiter protects against impermissible touch voltage by becoming conductive and causing the power to turn off. According to EN 50122-1: 2011, this type of limiter is recommended mainly for the connection between the protected part and return circuit in the overhead line areas (or pantograph areas) that may be in contact with the conductors or damaged current collector, then on the support structures pylons which can become live due to an insulation failure. After the applied voltage drops again below the specified value of its nominal level, the limiter returns into a non-conductive state again.

Type P250GI P400GI
Classification acc. EN 50122‑1 and EN 61643‑11 Type 1 (VLD‑F) / Type 1
DC sparkover voltage UVDC 250 VDC ± 20 % 400 VDC ± 20 %
Service life:
5 operations 50 Hz, 1 sec 100 Arms
1 operation 50 Hz, 0,5 sec 200 Arms
1 operation 50 Hz, 0,25 sec, max. load 4 kArms
20 operations 8/20 μsec1) In 100 kA
3 operation 10/350 μsec Iimp 50 kA
Impulse spark‑over voltage at 1 kV/μsec Ures < 800 V < 1000 V
Protection level at Iimp= 50 kA2) Up < 700 V < 800 V
Insulation resistance Riso > 1 GΩ at 100 VDC
Response time2) < 20 nsec
Protection type IP62
Operating temperature range ‑ 40 °C ÷ + 90 °C
Total height including mounting bracket h 187 mm
Weight c. 620 g
Encapsulation silicon rubber
Article number 50804/I 50803/I
1) Riso > 107 Ω after completion of loading sequence
2) Typical value

Functional part P250GI (P400GI) is made using a special gas-filled gas discharge tube (GDT) with shortened response time 20 nsec, rated for up to 3 consecutive strikes of lightning current 50 kA (10/350). On the outer insulating cover is used a light blue silicone rubber. Working chamber of built GDT is equipped with technically sophisticated fail-save mode hardware that provides an automatically transition to short-circuit mode in the event of longtime overloads above 500 A DC (AC) (this state is nonreversible). On the outer insulating cover is used a blue silicone rubber, which is hydrophobic and has excellent resistance against weathering, pollution and UV rays. Mounting bracket, connecting bolts and nuts are made from stainless steel, suitable for connection of conductors with cross section 16-50 mm2 Fe (Cu). The product is delivered with an integrated bracket, allowing direct mounting of P250GI (P400GI) to the protected metal structure (pillar, wall or flange). Recommended mounting position is vertical bracket up. Limiter is installed directly to a protected building construction (using two bolts M12), so that in the event of its activation was generated a conductive connection between this structure and the return path. The limiter can be activated either by lightning current or current resulting from contact protected metallic structure with a fallen overhead line. In such case there will be a potential difference between these parts, which amounts to more than 250 V (valid for P250GI), or 400 V (valid for 400GI). The in-built GDT ignites instantly (response time is typically 20 ns) and forms a temporary electrical connection between both parts (typical internal resistance of the ignited P250GI (P400GI) is 0.001 ÷ 0.002 Ω). The duration of this transient process is automatically broken up by potential equalization between the protected structures and a return path, when it comes to an automatic switching off GDT due to recombination its gas filling. 


1) Products P400GI (P250GI) are maintenance-free, have very little reaction time (20nsec), high insulation resistance (> 1GΩ) and high protective ability. Next is this product resistant against to harsh treatment, acid rain and mechanical damage.

2) To perform diagnostics it is recommended to use measuring instrument G-TESTER (supplier ACER VOLTAGE s. r. o.). This device allows to control the one hand, the DC spark over voltage of the built GDT, then the value of the insulation resistance Riso (from 25VDC up to 1000VDC).